George Washington commanded the Continental Army to victory over Great Britain in the American War for Independence, which ended in 1783. Elected unanimously as the first president of the United States of America in 1789, he has been called the ‘Father of the Country’.
The Washington Monument was created as a show of gratitude to George Washington in helping to create a new form of government espousing equal treatment under the law.
Year Started: July 4, 1848
Year Completed: December 6, 1884 (Officially opened to the public: October 9, 1888)
Designer: Robert Mills
What is the height of the memorial? 555 feet 5 1/8 inches
Width at base of shaft: 55 feet 1 1/2 inches
Width at top of shaft: 34 feet 5 1/2 inches
Thickness of walls at base of shaft: 15 feet
Thickness of walls at top of shaft: 18 inches
Depth of foundation: 36 feet 10 inches
Weight of the structure: 90,854 tons
What is the monuments sway in 30-mile-per-hour wind: 0.125 of an inch
Material: Marble brought from Maryland
Capstone weight: 3,300 lbs (1.65 tons)
Weight of aluminum tip on capstone: 100 oz (2.8 kg)
Number of Blocks: 36,491
How many steps are in the memorial: 897
Fastest known ascent time via stairs: 6.7 minutes (in 2005)
Number of Flags surrounding the building: 50, one representing each state.
Visitors per year: 467,550 (in 2005)
Location: National Mall
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